Part I: Rationalism and Communism
I. Criticism Is Neither Rejection Nor Negation
1. Need all critics be class enemies?
2. What is Marxism?
3. Marxism and Philosophy
4. Marxism – Intelligent Understanding
5. Radicalism and Marxism
6. Should Marxists be averse to enriching Marxism?
7. Twins of Irrationalism
8. What Is Rationalism?
9. Man, the maker of his own destiny
10. Negation of Freedom will not lead to a higher form of Democracy
11. Updating unavoidable
12. Revolution and Radicalism
13. No inevitability
14. For Marxism to be the Philosophy of the Future
II. The Indian Scenario
1. Why We Are Bound To Differ
3. Philosophical Radicalism
4. Our Inverted Projection
5. French Revolution
7. Twentieth century Jacobinism
“Another characteristic feature of the tendency we represent is that it is a tendency towards a direct development in the direction of socialist reconstruction of society. That tendency was there also in Jacobinism. It was represented by Baboeuf and his followers. They also were the product of that period of the French Revolution which was under the leadership of the Jacobins. But at that time, the tendency could not assert itself, because consciousness – the ideas and thoughts – had to be determined by the environments of the time. The bourgeoisie were afraid. They could not carry through the revolution. The petit-bourgeoisie, which at the time of the French Revolution included the working class just as is the case in India today, carried through the revolution. But once the revolution was carried through, it was the bourgeoisie who came into power. Nevertheless, the tendency to develop directly towards Socialism was there all the time, represented first by Baboeuf, and later on by Blanqui and others, and ultimately by the Paris Commune. The tendency did not disappear with the failure of Baboeuf. It manifested itself throughout the entire period of the French Revolution, and disappeared only with the fall of the Paris Commune.